1 Gibb Epidemiology Consulting LLC, Arlington, VA, USA

2 Department of Virology, Parasitology and Immunology, Ghent University, Merelbeke, Belgium

3 Institute of Health and Society (IRSS), Université catholique de Louvain, Brussels, Belgium

4 Department of Biomedical Sciences, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium

5 Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, Netherlands

6 Exponent, Center for Chemical Regulation and Food Safety, Washington, DC, USA

7 National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, Netherlands

8 Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique

9 Department of Food Safety and Zoonoses, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

10 CSIRO Food and Nutrition Flagship, North Ryde, Australia

11 Food Data Analysis Section, Food Standards Australia New Zealand, Canberra, Australia

12 Department of Food Technology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria

13 Environmental Health Services, British Columbia Centre for Disease Control, BC, Canada

14 Occupational and Environmental Health Division, School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, BC, Canada

15 INTERTEK, Oak Brook, IL, USA

16 Emerging Pathogens Institute and Animal Sciences Department, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA

17 Boston Children’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA

18 Immunology Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Science, Mashhad, Iran


In December 2015, the World Health Organization (WHO) published the first ever report on the estimates of the global burden of foodborne diseases, which included diseases related to chemical exposures in foods such as peanut allergy. In the report, the burden of disease related to peanut allergies was measured for the European, American and West Pacific Regions. The report showed that unlike other food-related chemical exposures, peanut allergies are far more common in the European and American Regions than in the West Pacific Region. In this commentary we tried to inform physicians and public health workers, and to raise awareness about peanut allergies to facilitate future discussions. Although the WHO report on the estimates of the global burden of foodborne diseases indicates a possible geographical difference in global peanut allergy prevalence, further studies need to compare the relative risk of peanut allergies among individuals of different racial backgrounds in one defined population.


How to cite this article: Gibb H, Devleesschauwer B, Bolger PM, Ezendam J, Cliff J, Zeilmaker M, et al. Relative Risk of Peanut Allergy across the Globe; Where Toxicology Meets Immunology. Asia Pac J Med Toxicol 2016;5:1-2.